Program 1 - Under the Golden Dome

Franklin Swift Billings, Jr.

Franklin Swift Billings, Jr., Representative of Woodstock, Republican, was born on June 5, 1922. Occupation: attorney-at-law. He was educated in the public schools in Woodstock; Milton Academy; Harvard College (S.B., 1943) University of Virginia (L.L.B., 1947). He is married to the former Pauline R. Gillingham and they have two sons and one daughter. He is a member of the Grange; Masons; Shrine; American, Vermont, and Windsor County Bar Associations. He has been village trustee, town agent, selectman, planning commission, school director and library trustee. He was Assistant Secretary of the Senate in 1949, 1951, and 1953, executive Clerk, 1955; Secretary of the Senate in 1957 and 1959; Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs, 1959 and 1960; Judge of the Hartford Municipal Court, 1955-1962; clerk of the Woodstock Union High School District, 1958-1962; and a member of the Woodstock Planning commission, 1958-62.

He served with the British 8th Army in the 6th Armored division, 1943 to 1946. In 1966 he was appointed to the Superiour Court and he served until 1975 when he was appointed to the Vermont Supreme Court. He was Chief Justice from 1982-84. In 1984 he was appointed a U.S. District Judge of Vermont, serving as Chief Judge from 1989-97 when he took Senior Status and remains as a Senior District Judge today. Member of the House of 1961, and member and Speaker of the House of 1963 and 1965.

Robert T. Gannett

Robert T. Gannett of Brattleboro, Windham County. Republican, was born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 26, 1917 and became a resident of present town in August, 1946. He was married to the former Sarah Alden Derby who died in 1999, and they have one daughter and two sons. Occupation: lawyer. He was educated in elementary schools in Milton, Massachusetts; Milton Academy and Harvard University (B.A., 1939; L.L.B., 1942). Member of Brattleboro Retreat, former trustee; Brattleboro Memorial Hospital, corporator and past president; National Life Insurance Company, director emeritus, United Way of Windham County, former director, Vermont Community Foundation, trustee; American College of Probate Counsel.

He served in the U.S. Army, 1942-46; Major, Field Artillery. Member of the House: 1953, 1955. 1957, 1959. Member of the Senate: 1973-74, 1975-76, 1977-78, 1979-80, 1981-82, 1983-84, 1985-86, 1987-88, 1989-90, 1991-92.

Senator Jim Jeffords

Senator Jim Jeffords of Shrewsbury, (Republican), Independent, was born in Rutland, Vermont on May 11, 1934. He was educated in the Rutland Public Schools; Yale University (B.S. Industrial Administration, 1956); Harvard Law School (LL.B., 1962). He served three years active duty in the U.S. Navy (1956-59) and is currently a Captain in the U.S. Naval Reserve. He is married to Elizabeth Daley and has a son and daughter. In 1962, he was a law clerk with Judge Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. U.S. District Court. In 1966-67 he was president, Young Lawyers Section, Vermont Bar Association and in 1973-75, National Director of the American Judicare Society. Jeffords served in the Vermont Senate from Rutland County, 1967-68 and was Vermont Attorney General, 1969-73. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1974 and served until 1989. While in the House he was ranking Republican on the Education and Labor Committee and served on the Agriculture Committee and Select Committee on Aging. He was chairman of the House Environmental Study Conference, 1978-79; co-founder of the Congressional Solar Coalition and the Congressional Arts Caucus. Jeffords was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1988 and serves on Labor and Human Resources Committee, the Environmental and Public Works Committee, Foreign Relations Committee, and on Veterans Affairs.

He is ranking Republican of the Labor Subcommittee and serves on the subcommittees on Education, Arts, and Humanities; Handicapped; Environmental Protection; Water Resources, Transportation & Infrastructure; and Toxic Substances, Environmental Oversight, and R&D

Ray F. Keyser, Jr.

Ray F. Keyser, Jr. of Chelsea, Orange County, Republican, was born in Chelsea August 17, 1927. Occupation: attorney. Educated at elementary school in Chelsea, Chelsea High School one year; graduated from Montpelier High School, 1945; Tufts College, 1946-1953 graduating with LL.B. Degree. He amd his wife Joan have two sons and one daughter. Member of Vermont and American Bar Associations; Masons, American Legion, Delta Upsilon (College), Delta Theta Phi (Legal), Eastern Star, Farm Bureau.

He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II; town auditor, 1952-59; as General Counsel for the Vermont Marble Company from 1965-70 and as CEO and Chairman of the Board from 1970-79. In 1980 he set up the law office of Keyser and Crowley; He served on the Federal Reserve board in Boston from 1967-72; as Director of Vermont Public Service and chair of the Board from 1980-97; Director of Vermont Electric Power, 1990-97; Director of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power, 1982-97; Director and former chair of the National Association of Manufacturers, 1078-92; Director of SKI Ltd, 1980-96. He was a Page in the House in 1939, a member of the House 1955 and 1957 and Speaker of the House in 1959. He was a member of the Commission on Interstate Cooperation in 1955 and chairman from 1957 to 1959; and was a member of the Board of Managers of the Council of State Governments from 1957 to 1959. He served as Governor from 1961-1963.

Graham Newell

of St, Johnsbury, Caledonia County, Republican, was born at St. Johnsbury, Vermont on November 27, 1915. Occupation: Professor Lyndon State College. He graduated from University of Chicago (A.B., Political Science, 1938) (A.M., Latin, 1949); (post-graduate study under Committee on History of Culture, 1950). Latin and history instructor at St. Johnsbury Academy, 1938-47; the Hatch Preparatory School, Dexter, Maine,1947-48; teacher, St. Johnsbury Jr. High , 1957-58; chairman, Social Science Division, Lyndon State College since 1959. New England director of 1951 Crusade fro Freedom; chairman, Caledonia County Republican committee, 1944-48, and member of St, Johnsbury town Republican committee for thirty-three years; delegate to 1956 and 1964 Republican National Conventions; justice of the peace for twenty-seven years. Member of Forest Festival Committee, 1953-57; 1955 Interim Commission on Highway Litter; Commission on Interstate Cooperation, 1953-71 (chairman, 1959-63); Historic Sites Commission, 1953-63 (chairman, 1959-63); Commission to study State Government (“Little Hoover”); Vermont Civil War Centennial Commission; Board of Managers, Council of State Governments, 1959-65; N.E. Board of Higher education, 1959-65; Advisory Commission on Inter-Governmental Relations, 1962-64; trustee, Brightlook Hospital, 1954-72; member, Education Commission of the states, 1973-75; president, Vermont Historical Society, 1965-69.

Graham Newell

Member of the House from St. Johnsbury in 1953; of the Senate from Caledonia County in 1955,1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1971, 1973, 1975-76, and 1977-78; of the House from District 10-2 in 1966, 1967-68, and 1969-70.

Sanborn Partridge

Sanborn Partridge of Proctor, Rutland County Senator, Republican, was born in Proctor, Vermont on April 30, 1915. Occupation: educator, geologist. He was educated in elementary schools in Proctor, Vermont; Westminster School, Simsbury Connecticut; Amherst College (B.A., 1936); Yale University (LL.B., 1939), with Yale-Harvard certificate for special law/business course that included two semesters at Harvard Business School, 1938, and Yale University (M.S., 1947). He is not married. Member of: (now or formerly) Vt. Bicentennial Comm.; various legislative commissions; various historical societies; former director of Rutland Hospital; Rutland Red Cross; former Chairman of UVM Trustees; President of 3 Boy Scout Councils; BSA Regional Board member; etc. He has bee Town Grand Juror, Town Agent, pre 1942. He served in the Army Air Corps, later Army Air Force, from Private to 1st Lt., July, 1942 to January, 1946. Member of the House from Proctor for 1961, 1963 and 1965 and representative from District 41 for 1966 and 1967-68. Served in the Senate from Rutland County in 1969 to date.

Glendon Pierce

Glendon Pierce of North Shrewsbury, Republican, was born in North Shrewsbury in 1914. While he never served in the Legislature, in 1926 he was selected as a page. He graduated from Rutland High School in 1931, attended Drexel Institute and the Albany Diesal Institute. From 1946-59 he served as a supervisor for the Barrett Division of Allied Chemical and Dye Corp. For forty years he ran the W.E.Pierce Store, an old-time general store, with his brother and two sisters. His father had run it before him, and growing up in the store he learned the art of practical joking and story telling, both of which he practiced very successfully. He and his sister Marjorie closed the store in 1993, and Glendon died a year and a half later in 1995.