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Vermont Folklife Center

Abenaki Resource Organizations

Please note: This directory of websites, resource people, artisans, tribal offices, museums, etc. relating to Western Abenaki culture and history is based on information available as of March 2008. This list is only a sampling; it is not intended to be a complete or comprehensive list of all of the resources and organizations related to the Abenaki. This list is subject to change as more information becomes available.


Abenaki Nation of Mississquoi
St. Francis/Sokoki Band
April St. Francis Merrill, Chief
100 Grand Avenue
Swanton, Vermont 05488
phone: (802) 868-2559
web site: www.abenakination.org  

The oldest continuously inhabited Native site in Vermont is the territory of the Abenaki Nation based at Missisquoi, meaning “place of the flint.” The families that make up the Abenaki Nation hasve long been active in traditional site protection, political action, educational outreach, and cultural events on behalf of Vermont’s Abenaki people. This band was instrumental in gaining state recognition for the Abenaki in 2006. The band’s web site includes information and links regarding the tribal office, history, museum, stories, language, markets, and other resources. The Missisquoi tribe hosts an annual “Abenaki Heritage Days” celebration and powwow in Swanton in late May.


Abenaki Self-Help Association
P.O. Box 276
Swanton, Vermont 05488
phone: (802)-868-2559
phone: (802)-868-7146
web site: http://www.abenakination.org/ashai.html

The Abenaki Self-Help Association, founded in 1976, helps needy Vermonters locate resources for housing, jobs, education, and food assistance. ASHA also maintains a food pantry, library and computer center. ASHA distributes two workbooks from the Indian Education Office for teaching about Abenaki families and history in K-12 classrooms: Finding One’s Way and New Dawn: the Western Abenaki, A Curriculum Framework.


Abenaki Tribal Museum and Cultural Center
100 Grand Avenue
Swanton, Vermont 05488
phone: (802) 868-2559
web site: www.abenakination.org/tribalmuseum.html  

The Museum’s collection reflects the Missisquoi heritage and connections to other Abenaki communities, through artifacts, craftwork, clothing, maps, illustrations etc. from ancient times to the present. Exhibitions include information on the 18th century Seven Nations Confederacy of Abenaki and Iroquois peoples, doctor’s instruments from the 20th century Vermont eugenics project, and Abenaki clothing through the ages.


Alnobak Nebesakiak
P.O. Box 483
Derby Line, VT
phone: (802) 766-5375
web site: none available

Alnobak Nebesakiak is a community of Abenaki descendants headquartered in the Northeast Kingdom. Their territory include Lakes Magog and Memphremagog, which are situated at the midpoint of the Abenaki trail from the Connecticut River to the Saint Lawence. The group issues a monthly newsletter and hosts periodic social events.


Alnobak Heritage Preservation Center
c/o Bea Nelson
P.O. Box 201
Derby Line, VT
phone: (802) 766-5375
web site: http://www.northlandjournal.com/stories2.html

This Abenaki museum offers information and reference services on Abenaki history in Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom.  Abenaki author Bea Nelson serves as the cultural resource manager for both the Alnobak Heritage Preservation Center and the Memphremagog Historical Society. She also contributes articles on Abenaki history to Northland Journal, some of which are available on-line.


Jeanne Brink, Basketmaker
130 Tremont Street
Barre, Vermont 05641
(802) 479-0594
web site: http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/wa_03.html

Jeanne Brink, from the Obomsawin family of artisans, is a Master Basketmaker in the Vermont Traditional Arts Apprenticeship Program. She is also the co-author, with the late Gordon Day, of Alnobaodwa: A Western Abenaki Language Guide. Brink offers programs, workshops, presentations and consultations on Western Abenaki history and culture through the Speaker’s Bureau of the Vermont Council on the Humanities.


Chimney Point State Historic Site
7305 Route 125
Addison, Vermont 05491
phone: (802) 759-2412
web site: www.HistoricVermont.org/chimneypoint

Chimney Point’s collections feature lithic artifacts found near Lake Champlain, contact-era English and French colonial history, and contemporary Abenaki art. The museum encourages the appreciation and use of indigenous technologies by offering regular flint-knapping workshops and an annual altlatl (spear thrower) competition in September.


Clan of the Hawk
Coos-Cowasuck Band
645 Evansville Road
Brownington, VT 05860
phone: (802) 754-6305
web site: www.clanofthehawk.org

This Native American group identifies itself as part of the Northeast Wind Council of the Abenaki. They host a drum group, Waubun Drum, and hold a series of summer gatherings and an annual pow-wow in late July at their Evansville pow-wow grounds.


Cultural Competency Training
c/o Louise Lampman-Larivee
University of Vermont
Department of Social Work
443 Waterman Building
Burlington, Vermont 05405
phone: (802) 656-8800

Members of the UVM Department of Social Work work closely with the Vermont child welfare office and Abenaki educators to help adopted Native youth thrive in foster homes. The state Social and Rehabilitative Services Department helps in training social workers and potential foster parents to encourage Abenaki cultural practices, thereby undoing some of the damage caused to earlier generations during the UVM Eugenics Project.


ECHO at the Leahy Center for Lake Champlain
One College Street
Burlington, Vermont 05401
phone: (802) 864-1848
web site: http://www.digitalfrontier.com/essential_wc5/echo/

Formerly the Lake Champlain Basin Science Center, this aquarium and science center was renamed to reflect an increased focus on the Ecology, Culture, History and Opportunity of the Lake Champlain Basin. The site offers hands-on exhibits of indigenous flora and fauna, and the “Awesome Forces” video combines Abenaki oral traditions with depictions of ancient geological events to illustrate the formation of Lake Champlain.


Fairbanks Museum & Planetarium
1302 Main Street 
St. Johnsbury, Vermont 05819
phone: (802) 748-2372
web site: http://www.fairbanksmuseum.org/collection.cfm

The Fairbanks Museum has a huge collection of indigenous North American birds, animals, reptiles, and plants, all mounted and preserved for display. A new exhibition titled “Pathways: Evolution in American Indian Material Culture” features the work of historic and contemporary Abenaki and other Native American artisans. The museum has also created a culturally appropriate curriculum guide on Abenaki material culture.


c/o Rick Pouliot, Governing Council
PO Box 500
Norwich, Vermont 05055
phone: (603) 529-0284
web site: http://www.gedakina.org/

Gedakina is an organization of northeastern First Nations people and allies, including community organizers, young people, scholars, artists, social workers, and traditional elders. They offer educational programs on diversity and methods to avoid stereotyping, and are creating a Land Preservation Trust to host a Youth Learning Center center for teaching about Native cultural identity and environmentally conscious land management.


Hazens Notch Association
P.O. Box 478
Montgomery Center, Vermont 05471
phone: (802) 326-4799
web site: www.hazensnotch.org

Hazen’s Notch, an environmental, education, recreation, and land stewardship center in northern Vermont, conducts K-6 natural science field programs students that vary seasonally; some programs include information on Native American plants and lifeways.


Koasek (Cowasuck) Traditional Band Council
Brian Chenevert, Chief
P.O. Box 42
Newbury Vermont 05051
phone: (802) 392-8006
web site: http://www.cowasuckabenaki.org/index.htm

This group was formerly known as the Cowasuck-Horicon Traditional Council of the Sovereign Abenaki Nation. They host the annual Nawihla (meaning “I am coming home”) “Native American Cultural Week and Pow Wow” in Woodsville, NH. The web site contains information on history, art, and artisans, and details on the series of splits among Cowass and Pennacook Abenaki families over the past few decades and links to current Abenaki news and events.


Indian Education Program
Jeff Benay, Director
49 Church Street
Swanton, Vermont 05488
phone: (802) 868-4033
web site: not yet available

The Title V Indian Education Program in Franklin County offers support for the education of Native American students, and develops Abenaki-related curricular materials for K-12 classrooms. The Director also advises the University of Vermont School of Social Work on college programs that involve the Abenaki community.


Lake Champlain Maritime Museum
4472 Basin Harbor Road
Vergennes, Vermont 05491
phone: (802) 475-2022
web site: http://www.lcmm.org/

The fleet at the Maritime Museum features 18th and 19th century English, French, and American boats, along with archaeological finds from the lake, and several examples of Native American dugout and birchbark canoes. The web site features on-line essay that discuss boating activities on the lake from the pre-contact era to the present.


Jesse Larocque, Basketmaker
1642 Bricketts Crossing
West Danville, Vermont 05873
phone: (802) 563-2632
web site: http://www.abenakibaskets.com/

Jesse Larocque harvests and pounds black ash collected from swamps near his home in northern Vermont to make traditional ash splint baskets, and to supply raw materials to other Abenaki basketmakers. He has appeared at many festivals, workshops, and museums, and he is recognized by the Vermont Folklife Center as a traditional artisan.


Memphremagog Historical Society of Newport
Emory Hebard State Office Building
100 Main Street
Mailing Address: 200 Main Street
Newport, Vermont 05855
phone: (802) 334-6195

The first floor of the museum at the State Office Building has a mural with a pictorial timeline of Newbury from the Precambrian era to the present, and the second floor features a timeline of Abenaki presence in the Memphremagog Basin. Exhibition showcases change periodically.


Ndakinna Cultural Center & Museum
4423 US Rte 2
East Montpelier VT 05651
phone: (802) 224-1055
web site: http://www.ndakinna.org/

This small business is the location of a new American Indian craft cooperative and gift shop, and a homespun Indian museum featuring displays of various Woodland Indian objects and historical reproductions. Hebert also sponsors various amateur craft workshops, drumming circles, and other events focusing on elements of Abenaki and other Native American cultures.


Robert Hull Fleming Museum
University of Vermont
61 Colchester Avenue
Burlington, Vermont 05405
phone: (802) 656-0750
web site: www.uvm.edu/~fleming/index.php?category=education&page=schoolsk12

The Fleming Museum loans out educational kits, based on the material housed in the museum collections, to K-12 teachers, libraries, and home schoolers. Each kit, including one on the Abenaki, contains hands-on museum objects, curriculum activities, and other multimedia instructional materials. Abenaki information needs updating.


Judy Dow, Director
273 Old Stage Road
Essex Jct., Vermont 05452
phone: (802) 879-6155
web site: http://www.vermontartscouncil.org/directory/listing.php?id=00186&display_name=Judy%20Dow

Abenaki educator Judy Dow, Director of Saba (meaning “tomorrow” in Abenaki), shares indigenous knowledge through education about biodiversity and cultural diversity. Workshops include Abenaki art, culture, basketry, history, indigenous ecological knowledge, stereotypes in children’s books, etc., and are tailored for various audiences. Judy Dow is a master basketmaker and juried artist with Vermont Arts Council.


Traditional Abenaki of Mazipskwik & Related Bands
P.O. Box 309
Highgate Center, Vermont 05459
phone: (802) 796-4531
web site: http://www.bmuschool.org/webquests/webquest1/Traditional.html

The Mazipskwik web site features some important primary documents regarding Abenaki history in Vermont, along with links to language, culture, and other resources. Documents include Robertson’s lease (the first Abenaki rental agreement with Swanton’s white settlers), George Washington’s correspondence regarding Abenaki soldiers in the American Revolution, and a modern land title case (State of Vermont v. Elliott).

Vermont Commission on Native American Affairs
Mark Mitchell, Chair
1374 Old Silo Road
St. Johnsbury, Vermont 05819
web site: http://www.vcnaa.com/
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The Vermont Commission on Native American Affairs, established in 2006, promotes the social welfare, economic improvement, and empowerment of Abenaki Indians and other Native Americans living in Vermont. The VCNAA works to increase public awareness of regional Abenaki people and history, improve Native communication with state legislators, and advocate for policies and legislation at the federal, state, and local level that promote the interests of Native American people in the state. VCNAA focuses on a range of issues, including social services, education, job training, human rights, site protection, and marketing Native craftwork.


Vermont Eugenics: A Documentary History
c/o Nancy Gallagher
The WEB Project
University of Vermont
Burlington, Vermont 05405
phone: (802) 899-3034
web site: www.uvm.edu/~eugenics

This site explores how the Vermont eugenics program, run by state social workers and the University of Vermont during the early 20th century, targeted poor, disabled, and marginalized people, including French-Canadian and Abenaki families, for sterilization. Many Abenaki children were also removed from their homes to break up families and  force them to adopt white lifestyles. Also see the book Breeding Better Vermonters.


Vermont Historical Society
109 State Street
Montpelier, Vermont 05609
phone: (802) 828-2291
web site: web site: http://www.vermonthistory.org/educate/lendkits/abenaki.htm

The Historical Society kit titled Abenaki in Vermont: A History Kit for Students and their Teachers includes a selection of books, artifacts, tapes, maps, and images for exploring the history and status of Vermont's Abenaki people, past and present.


W’Abenaki Dancers
c/o Jeanne Brink
130 Tremont Street
Barre, Vermont 05641
(802) 479-0594
web site: update in progress

The W’Abenaki Dancers came together in 1992 to preserve traditional Abenaki dances, as taught by a master teacher at the Odanak Reserve in Quebec. The troupe is composed of Abenaki children and adults from Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts who perform at powwows, festivals, and schools, dancing to traditional songs, rattles, and hand drums, while interpreting the meaning of these dances for non-native audiences.


Winter Center for Indigenous Traditions
P.O. Box 328
Hanover, New Hampshire 03755
phone: (802) 649-8870
web site: not yet available
Donna Moody, Abenaki Repatriation & Site Protection Coordinator

This Native coordinated, service non-profit focuses on health, youth and elders, Abenaki and other indigenous language survival, education, repatriation, site protection, and environmental justice in the Abenaki homeland and the northeast. Winter Center offers a variety of programming through the Speakers List, and helps Native communities and families in health crises and many other aspects of Native community survival. The group works to preserve Abenaki burial grounds, sacred places, and ancient sites, and repatriate Abenaki ancestral remains, grave goods, sacred items, and artifacts that have been disturbed in Ndakinna: Vermont, New Hampshire, northern Massachusetts, western Maine, and southern Quebec.


Woodstock Historical Society
26 Elm Street
Woodstock, Vermont 05091
phone: (802) 457-1822
web site: http://www.vmga.org/windsor/woodhs.html

WHS offers a teaching kit that includes replica Abenaki artifacts made by people from the Nebesak Community in Vermont, stories written by Abenaki authors, primary sources, and a list of other educational resources.


Aaron York, Birchbark Canoes
17 Spring Street
Swanton, Vermont 05488
phone: (514) 781-3132
web site: http://www.indianbarkcanoe.com/

Aaron York is devoted to the revival of Wabanaki culture and art, particularly the technology involved in constructing and decorating Abenaki birchbark canoes, paddles, and woodworking tools. The web site includes images of both historic canoes and modern reproductions, and a link to an on-line book featuring a uniquely indigenous tool: Mocotaugan: The Story and Art of the Crooked Knife by Russell and Ned Jalbert.


New Hampshire

Abenaki Nation of New Hampshire
c/o Charlie True, Speaker
262 Lancaster Road
Whitefield, New Hampshire 03598
phone (603) 837-3381
web site: not yet available

This group of Abenaki families from traditional territories in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont works to preserve and share Abenaki heritage and knowledge. The affiliated non-profit organization, N’Dakinna Inc., is a coalition of speakers, health professionals, and educators who provide information about, and social services for, New Hampshire’s Abenaki people. ANNH holds an annual powwow in early October.


Dartmouth College Native American Program
c/o Michael Hanitchak, Director
201 Collins Center
Dartmouth College
Hanover, New Hampshire 03755
phone: (603) 646-2110
web site:

During the 1700s, Dartmouth was one of the first colleges to welcome American Indian students. This program started in 1970 to offer support and encouragement for the Native American students and faculty who come from tribal communities across the country. The Native Program also works to increase college and regional understanding of local and national Native programs and issues, and hosts a pow-wow on the grounds of Dartmouth College in May.


The Fort at No. 4 Living History Museum
267 Springfield Road, Route 11
Charlestown, New Hampshire 03603
phone: (603) 826-5700
web site: http://www.fortat4.com/history.html

This museum is a full-scale reproduction of a small fortified village and trading post built in Sokoki Abenaki Indian territory by English settlers in 1744. The web site contains historical information on Abenaki, French, and English conflicts during the French and Indian War, with a heavy emphasis on the English perspective. Plans are underway to update Native American interpretation and related curriculum materials.


Mount Kearsarge Indian Museum
Mount Kearsarge Mountain Road
Warner, New Hampshire 03278
phone: (603) 456-3244
web site: www.indianmuseum.org

This museum has hundreds of Native American materials from Western Plains and Southwestern tribes, featured in ethnographic displays. It also has many Abenaki and other northeastern objects - bark baskets, tools, canoes, etc. - that demonstrate distinctive Algonkian technologies and designs. The Museum holds an annual Native festival on the grounds and features various Native speakers and special programs throughout the year.


New Hampshire Intertribal Native American Council
c/o Bev and Don Newell, and Peter Newell, Chief
18 Spring Street
Laconia, New Hampshire 03246
phone: (603) 528-3005
web site: http://nhitnac.tripod.com/

This non-profit organization supports Abenaki and other Native American groups and families who reside in New Hampshire, offering assistance with education, employment, site preservation, and cultural programs. NHINAC publishes a newsletter and sponsors an annual powwow and other events. Teachers may contact NHINAC with questions about Native history in New Hampshire and issues facing Native people today.


New Hampshire Historical Society
Museum of New Hampshire History
The Hamel Center
6 Eagle Square
Concord, New Hampshire 03301
phone: (603) 228-6688
web site:

The NHHS museum focuses primarily on non-Native American history and artifacts from the late 1700s to the present. Their web site contains some information and lesson plans on early New Hampshire history. Abenaki information needs updating.


Trudy Ann Parker
Dawnland Publications
P.O. Box 223
Lancaster, New Hampshire 03584

web site: http://www.grailmedia.com/wz1/ring/dawnland.html

Trudy Ann (Call) Parker is the author of Aunt Sarah: Woman of the Dawnland, a book that reveals the complexities of 19th century Abenaki survival through the life of her great aunt, Sarah Jackson (Toxus) Somers, a skilled basketmaker, herbalist, and oral historian who lived to be 108 years old. Trudy conducts workshops and lectures all over Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont.


Wijokadoak, Inc.
Sherry L. Gould, Director
3210 State Rte 114
Bradford, New Hampshire 03221
phone: (603) 938-2613
web site: www.wijokadoak.com

Wijokadoak provides community support, cultural programming, genealogical research, language preservation, and other services to Native American children and families living in New Hampshire and Vermont. Wijokadoak staff will also work with child protection workers, in cooperation with the New Hampshire Division of Children, Families and Youth (DCYF), under the provisions of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), to ensure that culturally appropriate assistance is available for Native families and children in crisis. Wijokadoak, in the Abenaki language, translates to "they help one another."


The White Mountain Native American Cultural Center
c/o Kim White Feather
Mountain High Marketplace
1857 White Mountain Highway, Route 16
North Conway, New Hampshire 03860
Maling address: PO Box 604
Center Ossipee, New Hampshire 03814
phone: (603) 356-5772 or (603) 356-7900
web site: http://wmnacc.blogspot.com/

This grassroots cultural organization brings together Native and
non-Native people from many different tribal identities and traditions
to teach and share information about Native American culture. They
focus on community outreach, cultural diversity, social activities,
and education, and offer free workshops and speakers during the months
of October-May.



Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People
P.O. Box 54
Forestdale, Massachusetts 02644-0054
phone: (508) 477-1772
fax: (508) 477-5933
web site: http://www.cowasuck.org/

This band is descended from the Abenaki originally based at Cowass, around Newbury, VT. The web site includes information on Abenaki language, lifestyles, history, herbal medicine, web resources, and listings for social events and their annual powwow, as well as a regular newsletter of contemporary issues.


Hand in Hand: Abenaki Songs, Stories, and Histories
Margaret Bruchac, Ph.D.
63 Franklin Street
Northampton, Massachusetts 01060
phone: (413) 584-2195
web site: http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/wa_02.html

Dr. Margaret (Marge) Bruchac is an Abenaki historian, museum consultant, writer, educator, and performing artist (music, storytelling, and living history). Bruchac teaches college-level Native American studies, anthropology, and history, and also offers independent lectures on 18th and 19th century northeastern Native histories, oral traditions, and material culture. She performs traditional and contemporary Abenaki songs and stories with her husband, Justin Kennick, as the duo “Hand in Hand.”

Massachusetts Center for Native American Awareness, Inc.
P.O. Box 5885
Boston, Massachusetts 02114-5885
phone: (617) 884-4227
fax (617) 884-4889
web site: http://www.mcnaa.org/index.html

MCNAA is a nonprofit organization that supports the well-being
of Native Americans who are striving to preserve cultural,
spiritual, and traditional ways. MCNAA helps to arrange financial
assistance for needy Native people, and also works to increase
public understanding, awareness, and appreciation about Native
Americans. Members live all over the country and Canada, and
come from all walks of life. The MCNAA site contains links to
many other Native American tribal councils and groups in New England.


Massachusetts Commission on Indian Affairs
100 Cambridge Street, Suite 300
Boston, Massachusetts 02114
phone: (617) 573-1291
fax: (617) 573-1515
web site: http://www.mass.gov/dhcd/components/Ind_Affairs/default.htm

The MCIA, created 1974, assists Massachusetts-based Native American individuals, tribes
and organizations in their relationship with state and local government
agencies in the areas of social services, education, employment,
health, housing, civil rights, legal aid, treaties, census, repatriation,
legislation, etc. MCIA works closely with the Massachusetts Historic Commission, and also advises the Commonwealth in
matters pertaining to the more than 12,000 Native Americans living
in Massachusetts.


New England Native American Institute
P.O. Box 212
Worcester, Massachusetts 01602
phone: (508) 791-5007
web site: http://www.nenai.org/

NENAI is a non-profit organization that encourages Native American
researchers, representatives of regional Indian nations, non-Indian
scholars and others to collaborate on scholarly study and appreciation
of New England's rich and unique Native American history and culture.
NENAI maintains an Indian-controlled research and documentation
center, and organizes social events, field trips, and an annual
powwow in the town of Sturbridgea.


Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association
Memorial Hall Museum
10 Memorial Street
Deerfield, Massachusetts 01342
phone: (413) 774-7476
web site: http://memorialhall.mass.edu/home.html
web site: http://www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/

PVMA maintains several on-line web sites that highlight Native American objects and histories. “Memorial Hall Museum Online” features a number of Northeastern Native objects and documents from the museum collections. “Raid on Deerfield: The Many Stories of 1704” explores  Abenaki, Mohawk, Huron, English and French perspectives, and includes detailed historical information on the Pocumtuck and other tribes who joined the western Abenaki during the 1700s.


Robert S. Peabody Museum
Phillips Academy
Andover, Massachusetts 01810
phone: (978) 749-4490
web site:

The Robert S. Peabody Museum collection contains thousands of objects - textiles, utensils, weaponry, pottery, basketry, etc. - from indigenous culture areas across North America, including a number of Abenaki materials from the Merrimac River Valley. The museum distributes the book Origins and Ancestors: Investigating New England’s Paleo Indians. Museum is currently open to the public and researchers by appointment only.


New York

Fort Ticonderoga
P.O. Box 390
Ticonderoga, New York 12883
phone: (518) 585-2821
web site: www.fort-ticonderoga.org

The museum at Fort Ticonderoga focuses on military encounters among the American rebels, English soldiers, French, and Native American peoples during the 18th century. The Fort hosts two annual large encampments (“French and Indian War” and “Revolutionary War”) that include Native American reenactors. The museum’s Native American collections consist primarily of archaeological finds that are not accessible to the general public or on display. There is no dedicated Native exhibit or Native interpretation on site.


Greenfield Review Press
Joseph and Carol Bruchac, Directors
P.O. Box 308
Greenfield Center, New York 12833
phone: (518) 583-1440
web site: http://www.josephbruchac.com/bruchac_biography.html

Greenfield Review Press manages the Native American Authors Book Distribution Project and Bowman Books. Abenaki titles include Dawnland, Faithful Hunter, Wind Eagle, and Winter People, among others by Joe Bruchac. Abenaki audio recordings include Pa-be-kon-gan (flute music by Jesse Bruchac) Alnobak (The Dawnland Singers), Gluskabe Stories (Joe Bruchac), Native American Animal Stories (Jim Bruchac) and Lintowoganal/Voices in the Woods (Marge Bruchac).


Ndakinna Education Center
James Bruchac, Director
23 Middle Grove Road
Marion Bowman Bruchac Nature Preserve
Greenfield Center, New York 12833
phone: (518) 583-9980
web site: http://www.ndakinnacenter.org/index.php

Ndakinna offers on-site workshops in tracking, survival skills, identifying flora and fauna, Abenaki and Mohawk culture and stories, and various types of craftwork for students of all ages. Bruchac, a registered Adirondack guide, also leads wilderness adventures into the Adirondacks, Yellowstone, and elsewhere to track and photograph wild game. Ndakinna also hosts guest speakers, historical lectures, muysical concerts, and bi-annual Native American Festival at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center in Saratoga Springs.



Louis Annance
Mechanic Falls, Maine 04256
web site: http://hometown.aol.com/alnombak/louisannance.html

This personal website is maintained by the great-great-grandson of the famous Abenaki guide, Louis Annance, whose life experiences offer insight into 19th century Abenaki survival. Annance, who was born at Odanak/St. Francis, attended Dartmouth Preparatory School in New Hampshire, fought in the War of 1812, met with Henry David Thoreau, and worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company as a fur trapper.


Aroostook Band of Micmacs
P.O. Box 772
Presque Isle, ME 04769
phone: (207) 764-1972
web site:

The Micmac (also spelled Mi’kmaq) Nation is composed of 29 bands living south and east of the Gulf of Saint Laurence, the Maritime Provinces and other regions along the Atlantic Seaboard, in Canada and the United States. The Aroostook Band is situated in Aroostook County, Maine. They are part of the Eastern Abenaki/Wabanaki Confederacy.
Web site contains information on history, environment, land, tribal governance, etc.


Aroostook Band of Micmacs
Cultural Community Education Center
7 Northern Road
Presque Isle, ME 04769
phone: (207) 764-1972
web site: http://www.micmac-nsn.gov/html/museum.html

The Aroostook Cultural Center has an exhibition that displays Micmac culture from 9,000 years ago to the present, with explanations of how encounters with Europeans, disease, warfare, settlement, religion, and other changes affected the Micmac people and culture. The Aroostook Band hosts an annual Mawiomi (Gathering) of Tribes Powwow in mid-August in Caribou, Maine.


Awabagi Territories
c/o Al Grayhawk
296 Island Falls Road
Sherman, Maine 04776
web site: none available

Grayhawk’s primary focus is on Eastern Abenaki culture, while including all Wobanaki tribes. He teaches traditional crafts (from working hides to birchbark canoe building), history, wilderness skills, and survival skills. Both hands-on experience and seminar formats are available either onsite or at your location. He also has a small museum that includes archaeological objects and the works of Abenaki artists.


Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
88 Bell Road
Littleton, Maine
phone: (207) 532-4273
web site: http://www.maliseets.com/

The Maliseet are part of the Eastern Abenaki/Wabanaki Confederacy. The traditional territory of the Maliseet people spanned lands that are now divided by the United States/Canadian border. The Houlton Band, situated on the Meduxnekeag River,  is part of the larger Maliseet Nation based in what is now New Brunswick, Canada. Web site contains information on history, crafts, natural resources, tribal governance, etc.


Hudson Museum
5746 Maine Center for the Arts
Orono, Maine 04469
phone: 207-581-1901
web site: www.umaine.edu/hudsonmuseum

The Hudson Museum is located in the Maine Center for the Arts at the University of Maine. Exhibitions and programs are organized by ethnographic regions to explore the cultural diversity of Native peoples of Maine, the Arctic, Southwest and Northwest Coast, Prehispanic Mesoamerica, and Panama. Collections include more than 400 Maine Indian baskets and a large collection of Penobscot basketmaking molds and tools.


Maine Indian Basketmakers Alliance
Theresa Hoffman, ED
P.O. Box 3253
240 Main Street
Old Town, Maine 04468
phone: (207) 827-0391
website: http://www.maineindianbaskets.org/

The Basketmakers Alliance is a nonprofit organization that works to preserve the ancient tradition of ash and sweetgrass basketry among the Maliseet, Micmac, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot tribes in Maine, through apprenticeships, marketing, and outreach. The MIBA is supported by purchases from the Wabanaki Arts Center Gallery, which carries the work of over six dozen tribal artisans. A gallery of basketry is available on-line.


Maine Historical Society
489 Congress Street
Portland, Maine 04101
phone: (207) 774-1822
web site: http://www.mainehistory.org/

The Historical Society focuses primarily on the Anglo-American settlers of Maine, but their collections do include some artifacts, documents and photographs relating to the Eastern Abenaki peoples of Maine. The web site includes a geneaology discussion board.


Maine State Museum
230 State Street
Mailing address: 83 State House Station
Augusta Maine 04333
phone: (207) 287-2301
email: links available on web site
web site: http://www.maine.gov/museum/

The Maine State Museum explores more than 12,000 years of Native history in the region from the last glacial ice age, with information on ecology, maritime fishing, hunting activtities, and other indigenous technologies. The museum has a large ethnographic collection of Eastern Abenaki materials. Exhibitions change periodically.


c/o Nancy Lecompte
1093 Main Street
Lewiston, Maine 04240
website: http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/

Ne-Do-Ba explores the interactions between Abenaki Indians and Euro-Americans in New England and Western Maine, past and present. The history and culture web site links are a great resource for maps, articles, documents, stories, performing artists,  family photographs, and more, including transcriptions from resources like The Identity of the Saint Francis Abenaki that trace the origins of Abenaki family names.


Nowetah’s American Indian Museum
Route 27
New Portland, Maine 04961
phone: (207) 628-4981
web site: http://www.mainemuseums.org/htm/museumdetail.php3?orgID=69

This museum has over 400 sweet grass, and brown ash splint baskets, plus birchbark containers, stone artifacts, quill and moose hair embroidered moccasins and pipe bags, quill looms, beadwork, cradleboards, moose calls, root war clubs, and more. Visitors can try using drums, rattles, and a wooden mortar and pestle. Educational programs, visits, and classes are available for schools and scout troops.


Passamaquoddy Tribe at Indian Township
P.O. Box 301
Princeton, Maine 04668
phone: (207) 796-2301
web site: http://www.passamaquoddy.com/index.htm

The Passamaquoddy are part of the Eastern Abenaki/Wabanaki Confederacy. The community at Indian Township, on the United States side of the St. Croix River, is closely related to the Canadian Passamaquoddy, north of the St. Croix River, who are known as the St. Croix/Schoodic Band.  Indian Township has a Bureau of Indian Affairs Grant school for grades K-8. Web site includes information on history, tribal governance, etc.


Passamaquoddy Tribe at Pleasant Point
9 Sakom Road
Pleasant Point
Perry, Maine 04667
phone: (207) 853-2600
web site: http://www.wabanaki.com/index.html

The Passamaquoddy are part of the Eastern Abenaki/Wabanaki Confederacy.  Pleasant Point has a Bureau of Indian Affairs Grant school for grades K-8. This web site includes information on history, treaties, language, culture, and tribal governance, with links to Wabanaki curriculum materials. The tribe hosts an annual Sipayik Indian Day celebration on reservation lands with canoe and foot racing, dancing, feasts, etc.


PenobscotIndian Nation
Tribal Administration
12 Wabanaki Way
Indian Island, Maine 04468
phone: (207) 827-7776
web site: www.penobscotnation.org

The Penobscot are part of the Eastern Abenaki/Wabanaki Confederacy. The community has a Bureau of Indian Affairs Grant school for grades K-8. This web site includes information on history, natural resources, tribal businesses (including High Stakes Bingo), tribal governance, etc. as well as a link to “Indigenous Voices,” a radio talk show that discusses Maine tribal cultural, historical, economic, and political issues..


Penobscot Indian Nation Museum
5 Center Street
Indian Island, Maine 04468
phone: (207) 827-4153
web site: http://www.mainemuseums.org/htm/museumdetail.php3?orgID=1606

This small tribal museum promotes local Penobscot artistry and culture. Displays include pre-contact era stone tools, a birchbark canoe, ceremonial root clubs, and distinctly Native clothing, beadwork, and basketry. The museum emphasizes respect for Wabanaki heritage, and connections to the Earth and the ancestors. Artisans often demonstrate their crafts on-site, and books, videos and gifts are on sale.


Robert Abbe Museum
Sieur de Monts Spring
P.O. Box 286
Bar Harbor, ME 04609
phone: (207) 288-3519
website: http://www.abbemuseum.org/index.php 

The only museum devoted solely to Maine’s Native American heritage. Collections include more than 50,000 objects spanning 10,000 years. Well known for its extensive archaeological collections from mid-coastal Maine and for its Native American baskets of the Northeast.  Web site includes a resource section titled “Wabanaki People.”


Wabanaki Program
American Friends Service Committee
P.O. Box 406
Perry, Maine 04667
phone: (207) 853-2317
web site: http://www.afsc.org/newengland/wabanakis.htm

The New England Regional Office of the AFSC published the resource and curriculum book Wabanakis of Maine and the Maritimes in 1989. Since then, AFSC has been focusing on developing leadership, fostering high self-esteem, addressing racism, and instilling a positive cultural identity among Native youth in Maine, while developing models for partnerships between Youth Councils and Tribal Councils.


Waponahki Museum and Resource Center
Pleasant Point
Perry, Maine 04667
phone: (207) 853-4001
web site: http://www.mainemuseums.org/htm/museumdetail.php3?orgID=1607

The Waponahki Museum is dedicated to the preservation of language and culture. On display are tools, baskets, beaded artifacts, moccasins, photographs, and life-size mannequins, molded from tribal members, that depict past lifestyles. The museum also features the artwork of Passamaquoddy artist Tomah Joseph, who was renowned for his distinctive, innovative designs etched on birchbark.


Quebec, Canada

Abenaki Language
Joseph Alfed Elie Joubert
Band Number: 866
Odanak Indian Reserve
Saint Francis, Quebec J0G 1H0Canada
web site: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~abenaki/Wobanaki/

This private web site created by an Abenaki elder and linguist contains words and phrases in Abenaki, organized by seasons, activities, and values, accompanied by grammar lessons, English translations and sound clips to demonstrate pronunciation.


Abenaki Museum (Musée des Abénakis d’Odanak)
Jacqueline Obomsawin, Director
108 rue Waban-aki
Odanak Indian Reserve
Saint Francis, Quebec  J0G 1H0
phone: (450) 568-2600
web site:

The Abenaki Museum, situated in the old Catholic school building next to the church, houses archaeological finds, traditional tools, an historical diorama of the old fortified village, and Abenaki masks, baskets, and sculpture. This museum was rebuilt and redesigned in 2005 to includemodern murals and multi-media  representations of oral traditions and 18th century lifeways, and to feature more contemporary art and artisans.


The Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation
Société du Musée Canadien des Civilisations

100 Laurier Street
P.O. Box 3100, Station B
Gatineau, Quebec J8X 4H2
toll-free phone: (800) 555-5621
local phone: (819) 776-7000
web site: http://www.civilization.ca/

This museum contains thousands of artifacts and documents, and features a large First Peoples Hall that explores the diversity of Aboriginal culture, the adaptation of traditional lifestyles to different environments, and the impact of European settlement. The web site features a virtual exhibition of Canada's Aboriginal peoples, underlining their fight for cultural survival and highlighting their modern-day contributions.


Land Insights / Terres en Vue
Society for the Understanding of Native Culture
6865 rue Christophe-Colomb, bureaue 102
Montreal, Quebec H2S 2H3
phone: (514) 278-4040
web site: http://www.nativelynx.qc.ca/en/organisme.html

Land Insights promotes greater visibility for Native artisans and performing artists in Quebec through exhibitions and events. Land Insights is the driving force behind the annual Montreal “First Peoples’ Festival” (“Présence Autochtone”), a June event that features Native artisans, dancers, filmmakers, singers, and storytellers from Abenaki, Cree, Huron/Wendat, Innu, Mohawk, and other northern Native communities.


McCord Museum of Canadian Natural History
690 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1E9
phone: (514) 398-7100
web site: http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/en/

The McCord Museum has a large collection of Native artifacts, clothing, illustrations, photographs from Native communities across Canada from the 1800s to the present. The collection is searchable on-line. First Nations programs and exhibitions in the museum change periodically to focus on different eras, groups, and topics.


Odanak Band of Saint Francis Abenaki / Conseil de Bande D’Odanak
Rick O’Bomsawin, Chief
1042 Awassos
Odanak, Qu_bec, Canada J0G 1H0
phone: (450) 568-0869
fax: (450) 568-3553
web site: http://www.abenakis.ca/english/odanak/cercledelavenirenglish.htm

Odanak (meaning “at the dwelling-place”) is situated on the Arsikantegouk River just south of the St. Lawrence. It is also known historically as Saint Francis, for the French Catholic mission founded around 1670. During the “French and Indian Wars,” Odanak became a place of refuge for families from Sokoki, Pennacook, and other New England Abenaki communities. Today, the band is focused on improving their social, economic and cultural environment, sharing their history, and promoting their survival as a nation.


Quebec Aboriginal Tourism Corporation
Société Touristique des Autochtones de Québec
Nicole Obomsawin, President
50 Boulevard Maurice-Bastien, Niveau S2
Wendake, Québec G0A 4V0
toll-free phone: (877) 266-5687
web site: http://www.staq.net/

This group helps First Nations Native people market their sites, services, products, and cultural tourism activities. They publish a free tourist guide with information on cultural festivals, museums, performers, artisans, recreational trips, etc. in Abenaki, Algonquin, Atikamekw, Cree, Huron-Wendat, Innu, Inuit, Maliseet, Micmac, Mohawk, and Naskapi comunities in Quebec and Labrador. A calendar of events is also available on-line.


Waban-Aki Nation
Grand Conseil de la Nation Waban-Aki
4680 Danube Boulevard
Wolinak, Quebec G0X 1B0
phone: (819) 294-1686
web site: http://www.abenakis.ca/english/grand_conseil/index.html

This Tribal Council, founded in 1979, represents the Canadian Abenaki people living at the reserves of Odanak and Wolinak in Quebec. This French and English language web site features information on social services, hunting rights, economic development, land claims and other issues for First Nations people in Canada.


Ontario, Canada

Canadian Canoe Museum
910 Monaghan Road
Peterborough, Ontario  K9J 5K4

toll-free phone: (888) 342-2663
local phone: (705) 748-9153
web site: http://www.canoemuseum.net/heritage/risingsun.asp

Most of the more than 600 watercraft and 1,000 arifacts in this museum were collected by Kirk Wipper, founder of the Kanawa International Museum of Canoes and Kayaks.  Exhibitions explore the spirit and practicality of the canoe as an expression of Native American and Canadian culture. The museum has historic canoes made by Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi’kmaq (Micmac), Passamaquoddy, Penobscot and other Native artisans.


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